About 21 km west of the city of Sohag, one of the most important monasteries that was built during Christian times is settled, namely the Red Monastery.
It was built on the ruins of a pharaonic temple, by Anba Pichai, in the early fourth century AD. It was known as the Red Monastery, due to the use of red bricks as a basic material in its construction. It was included in the World Heritage List in 2012.
It is reported that the monastery was exposed to fire twice, once during the Roman rule, and another by the Berbers, and only the main church, another attached church known as the Virgin Mary, and a fort remain, as well as the remains of architectural parts located in the north of the church, believed to be parts of an old industrial unit.