Previous Next
Kom Ombo

On a high hill in the city of Kom Ombo, 46 km north of Aswan Governorate, is the Kom Ombo temple, overlooking the Nile River. Its foundation dates back to the era of Ptolemy VI, and construction work and inscriptions continued until the era of Ptolemy XIII, and during the Roman era, some additions were made to it. For its name, it consists of two parts: Kom, which means "hill", and Ambo, which means "gold", as this city used to control the roads leading to the gold mines. In the Egyptian texts, it was known as "Ba-Sobek", meaning the seat of Sobek, where he was worshiped since pre-dynastic times.

It was built primarily for the worship of both the god "Sobek" and the god "Horus", as we can find that the temple appears to be composed of two parts, north and south, separated by an imaginary line, the north dedicated to the worship of the Holy Trinity of Horus, and the south to the worship of the holy trinity of Sobek. It is very similar to the temples of Edfu and Philae from the inside, where there is a front courtyard, columns, statues and internal halls to access the halls of the Holy of Holies.

The temple contains a large collection of historical scenes, including the goddess "Maat", the goddess of truth and justice, as well as a group of ancient surgical and medical tools, and the list of Egyptian holidays that were held in the temple, also a number of inscriptions and drawings that show the ancient pharaonic life and religious rituals related to the worship of Gods.