Hurghada، 15 May 2016 12:00 AM
It lies 395km south of Suez, and is noted for its magnificent summer and winter climate. The clarity of its water made it a centre of tourist attraction especially for divers and practicing water sports because of the worldwide fame of its coral reefs and rare marine life it enjoys.
Visitors can watch the exquisite underwater marine life through well-equipped glass bottom submarines.
Hurghada has a large number of hotels and tourist resorts of different categories, as well as well -equipped diving centers offering facilities for aquatic sports, in addition to restaurants and bazaars.
There is also the Aquarium which houses the most wonderful marine species especially the mermaid. National and international fishing contests are held in Hurghada. It is connected with Luxor by paved road across Safaga / Qena / Luxor.Daily sightseeing tours to Luxor can be arranged. A cruise service connects Hurghada with Sharm Al-Sheikh,the cruise takes 90 minutes by ferry. The Red Sea region abounds in monuments of the various historical eras.
Pharaonic and Roman antiquities
There is a collection of Pharaonic inscriptions in Um AL-Fawageer in Wadi El-Hamamat 235km south Hurghada, in addition to Roman ruins(71 km south of Hurghada),and the remains of Roman temples in Gabal EI-Dokhan (65km north of Hurghada).
St. Antonius's Monastery: on Za'afarana / Koreimat road, 50km north of Za'farana. It lies at the foot of the mountain below a high hillock overlooking the sea.
This monastery is considered one of the largest and oldest Christian monasteries as its construction dates back to the 4th century.
St. Paula's Monastery: On the Ra'as Ghareb / Za'afarana road. Its construction dates back to the end of the 4th century.
One of the most important Islamic monuments in the east desert is the shrine of Sheikh Abuel Hassan AL-Shazli, 150km from Marsa Alam City. It dates back to 656 Higri.
The tower of Sultan Selim in Al Qusseir, 140km south of Hurghada.
The Red Sea Isles
There are about 24 isles possessing a plant and ecological environment on the surface.
Most important of them are:
- Al-Zabargad isle in front of Bernese coast.
- Al-Geftone isle in front of Hurghada coast.
- Abu Menkar isle in front of Hurghada Sheraton.
The Red Sea was created by the movement of plates on the Earth's surface about 30 million years ago.At that time, the Arabian Peninsula started to part from Africa along a thin break line which was filled by the ocean's water. However, "Mother Nature" did not stop there.
Twenty million years ago another geological movement started. The Arabian Peninsula which parted from Africa started to move to the North.That movement struck resistance in Turkey and swung to the East, and another break line was formed.
This one stretching all the way from the Northern part of Israel, through the Jordan Valley to the Dead Sea, and finally through the Gulf of Aqaba to Ras Mohamad at the Southern point ofthe Sinai. The young age of the Gulf of Aqaba is what makes it so deep, 100 meters in Dahab and 1800 meters North of the Straits of Tiran.
On the other hand, the old Gulf of Suez is relatively shallow, with 85 meters maximum depth. The Red Sea is still widening at about one half inch per year, the rift is the youngest region of continentalbreakup on the planet, allowing geologists to learn about processes that occurred in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans hundreds of millions of years earlier.
Diving locations, south of Hurghada
- East of blenda coral reef.
- Abu –Ramada Grana coral reef.
- Abu Hasish Island coral reef.
- West of blenda coral reef.
- South west Abu-Ramada coral reef.
- Megawish Island coral reef.
Diving locations North of Hurghada
- Abu-Monkar coral reef.
- Abu katra coral reef.
- Abu Nahass coral reef.
- Um –Kamar coral reef.
- Al-oroof coral reef
- Al-Fanadeer coral reef.
- Abu-Monkar coral reef.
- Abu-Nekad coral reef .
- Tall coral reef.
- North of Al-Geftoon coral reef.
- Major Seol coral reef.
- Minor Seol coral reef.